2022 1 (42) 27

Regarding the Organization of Foreign Economic Logistics Activities of Agrarian Enterprises in the Conditions of War

Prokopyshyn O. S.
Phd in Economic Sciences, Assistant Professor.
ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7027-3499,
Lviv National University of Nature Management,
Trushkina N. V.
Phd in Economic Sciences, Senior Researcher
ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6741-7738
e-mail: nata_tru@ukr.net,
Serbina T. V.
graduate student
e-mail: egsinfo@ukr.net,

Institute of Industrial Economics of the NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv

Citation Format
Prokopyshyn O. S., Trushkina, N. V., Serbina, T. V. (2022). Regarding the Organization of Foreign Economic Logistics Activities of Agrarian Enterprises in the Conditions of War. Visnyk ekonomichnoi nauky Ukrainy, 1 (42),  рр. 209-217. DOI: https://doi.org/10.37405/1729-7206.2022.1(42).209-217


The agricultural sector is the driver and “point of growth” of the national economy of Ukraine. Agriculture accounts for an average of 16% of gross value added in some regions and plays a key role in ensuring food security. However, the current conditions of martial law in Ukraine have led to problems in the organization of logistics activities of enterprises of the agro-industrial complex as a result of non-fulfillment of the terms of contracts; the emergence of risks of disruption of the sowing campaign; decrease in final harvest indicators and the level of food security; decrease in the volume of export deliveries of agricultural products; disruption of food supply chains; lack of adequate financing and logistics infrastructure facilities; insufficient effective use of marketing management tools and a network approach in the process of distributing agricultural products to the final consumer; increase in transaction costs, etc.
Therefore, the purpose of this article is to study modern challenges, threats, trends and barriers in the organization of international logistics activities of agrarian enterprises in the conditions of war.
The article theoretically summarizes and systematizes conceptual approaches to determining the economic essence of the concepts of “foreign economic activity” and “international logistics”.
A statistical analysis of the main indicators of the development of foreign economic activity of enterprises of the agro-industrial complex of Ukraine in the pre-war period was performed. Barriers that inhibit the effective organization of international logistics activities of agrarian enterprises in wartime have been identified.
Priority directions for eliminating existing barriers that prevent the organization of foreign economic logistics activities are proposed, the essence of which is to activate network interaction and partnership relations based on the creation of agrocluster structures; unification of small farms for the proper execution of contracts, as well as joint activity in the agrarian sphere of two or more companies and different groups of stakeholders to achieve a common goal and a synergistic effect.

national economy, agro-industrial complex, agricultural enterprises, logistics activity, foreign economic activity, the structure of foreign trade, international logistics, export-import operations, investments of foreign economic activity, threats, challenges, barriers, logistical problems, management of relations with consumers, marketing management, logistics management..


  1. Pushak, Ya. Ya. (2011). Rozvytok vitchyznianoho APK yak instrument formuvannia prodovolchoi bezpeky derzhavy [The development of the domestic agricultural industry as a tool for the formation of the food security of the state.]. Visnyk Natsionalnoho universytetu «Lvivska politekhnika». Ser.: Menedzhment ta pidpryiemnytstvo v Ukraini – Bulletin of the Lviv Polytechnic National University. Ser.: Management and entrepreneurship in Ukraine, 720, рр. 395-400 [in Ukrainian].
  2. Dźwigoł, H., Dźwigoł-Barosz, M., Zhyvko, Z., Miśkiewicz, R., Pushak, H. (2019). Evaluation of the energy security as a component of national security of the country. Journal of Security and Sustainability, Vol. 8, No. 3, рр. 307-317. DOI: https://doi.org/10.9770/jssi.2019.8.3(2).
  3. Kryshtanovych, M.F., Pushak, Ya.Ya., Fleichuk, M.I., Franchuk, V.I. Derzhavna polityka zabezpechennia natsionalnoi bezpeky Ukrainy: osnovni napriamky ta osoblyvosti zdiisnennia [State policy of ensuring national security of Ukraine: main directions and implementation features]. Lviv, Spolom. 418 р. [in Ukrainian].
  4. Pushak, Y., Lagodiienko, V., Basiurkina, N., Nemchenko, V., Lagodiienko, N. (2021). Formation the system for assessing the economic security of enterprise in the agricultural sector. Business: Theory and Practice, Vol. 22, No. 1, рр. 80-90.
  5. Lipych, L. H., Fatenok-Tkachuk, A. O. (2010). Formuvannia stratehii rozvytku zovnishnoekonomichnoi diialnosti mashynobudivnykh pidpryiemstv [Formation of a strategy for the development of foreign economic activity of machine-building enterprises]. Lutsk, Volyn National University. Lesya Ukrainka University. 220 р. [in Ukrainian].
  6. Shmyhol, N. M., Pavliuk, T. S. (2016). Problemni pytannia rozvytku zovnishnoekonomichnoi diialnosti Ukrainy [Problematic issues of the development of foreign economic activity of Ukraine]. Prychornomorski ekonomichni studii – Black Sea Economic Studies, Issue 3, рр. 118-121 [in Ukrainian].
  7. Khomenko, T. Yu., Krush, P. V. (2017). Metodychni pidkhody do otsinky efektyvnosti upravlinnia zovnishnoekonomichnoiu diialnistiu [Methodical approaches to the assessment of the effectiveness of management of foreign economic activity]. Aktualni problemy ekonomiky ta upravlinnia – Actual problems of economy and management, 11. Retrieved from http://ape.fmm.kpi.ua/article/view/102593 [in Ukrainian].
  8. Fomishyna, V. M., Rybchuk, A. V., Zinchenko, V. V. et al. (2017). Suchasni tendentsii mizhnarodnykh ekonomichnykh vidnosyn i zovnishnoekonomichni zviazky Ukrainy [Modern trends of international economic relations and foreign economic ties of Ukraine]. Kherson, STAR. 340 р. [in Ukrainian].
  9. Buhas, V. V., Kazimirova, O. V. (2018). Sutnist, vydy ta osoblyvosti rozvytku zovnishnoekonomichnoi diialnosti pidpryiemstv elektroenerhetyky v natsionalnii ekonomitsi Ukrainy [The essence, types and peculiarities of the development of foreign economic activity of electric power enterprises in the national economy of Ukraine]. Efektyvna ekonomika, 12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32702/2307-2105-2018.12.75 [in Ukrainian].
  10. Tarasiuk, H. M., Horshkova, L. O. (2018). Pidkhody do vyrishennia problem zovnishnoekonomichnoi diialnosti pidpryiemstv Ukrainy [Approaches to solving problems of foreign economic activity of Ukrainian enterprises]. Hlobalni ta natsionalni problemy ekonomiky – Global and national economic problems, Issue 21, рр. 412-415 [in Ukrainian].
  11. Belinska, Ya. V., Koliada, O. V., Nazarov, M. I. et al. (2018). Eksportno-importni operatsii [Export-import operations]. Irpin, SFS University of Ukraine. 254 р. [in Ukrainian].
  12. Akymenko, O. Yu. (2019). Teoretychna kontseptualizatsiia zovnishnoekonomichnoi diialnosti yak vahomoho faktoru ekonomichnoi stabilizatsii derzhavy [Theoretical conceptualization of foreign economic activity as an important factor of economic stabilization of the state]. Prychornomorski ekonomichni studii – Black Sea Economic Studies, Issue 38-1, рр. 37-42 [in Ukrainian].
  13. Didukh, S. M. (2019). Zovnishnoekonomichna diialnist vertykalno intehrovanykh ahropromyslovykh kholdynhiv v umovakh yevrointehratsii [Foreign economic activity of vertically integrated agro-industrial holdings in the conditions of European integration]. Zovnishnoekonomichna diialnist Ukrainy v systemi hlobalnykh konkurentnykh vidnosyn: ahroprodovolchyi vymir [Foreign economic activity of Ukraine in the system of global competitive relations: agro-food dimension]. (рр. 58-67). Odesa, Astroprynt [in Ukrainian].
  14. Rakhman, M. S., Yevtushenko, V. A., Rudas, D. S. (2020). Zovnishnoekonomichna diialnist Ukrainy z krainamy YeS [Foreign economic activity of Ukraine with EU countries]. Infrastruktura rynku – Market infrastructure, Issue 47, рр. 39-44 [in Ukrainian].
  15. Kozak, Yu., Sukach, O., Burlachenko, D. (2020). Zovnishnoekonomichna diialnist pidpryiemstva [External economic activity of the enterprise]. Kyiv, CEL [in Ukrainian].
  16. Kononov, I. I. (2020). Sutnist zovnishnoekonomichnoi diialnosti yak obiekta oblikovoho modeliuvannia [The essence of foreign economic activity as an object of accounting modeling]. Biznes Inform – Business Inform, 5, рр. 79-86. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32983/2222-4459-2020-5-79-86 [in Ukrainian].
  17. Smyrnov, I. H., Khilchevska, I. H. (2009). Lohistyka u zovnishnoekonomichnii diialnosti [Logistics in foreign economic activity]. Rehuliuvannia zovnishnoekonomichnoi diialnosti [Regulation of foreign economic activity]. (рр. 65-150). Kyiv, CEL [in Ukrainian].
  18. Kholod, B., Zborovska, O. (2014). Hlobalizatsiia yak faktor vplyvu na protsesy lohistychnoho upravlinnia zovnishnoekonomichnoiu diialnistiu pidpryiemstv [Globalization as a factor influencing the processes of logistics management of foreign economic activities of enterprises]. Yevropeiskyi vektor ekonomichnoho rozvytku – European vector of economic development, 2(17), рр. 261-270 [in Ukrainian].
  19. Banzekulyvakho, Zh. M. (2014). Mezhdunarodnaya logistika [International logistics]. Polotsk, N.p. 124 р. [in Russian].
  20. Tiurina, N. M., Hoi, I. V., Babii, I. V. (2015). Lohistyka [Logistics]. Kyiv, CEL. 392 р. [in Ukrainian].
  21. Syvak R. B. Hlobalna lohistyka u zabezpechenni staloho rozvytku svitovoho hospodarstva [Global logistics in ensuring sustainable development of the world economy]. Naukovyi visnyk Mizhnarodnoho humanitarnoho universytetu. Ser.: Ekonomika i menedzhment – Scientific Bulletin of the International Humanitarian University. Ser.: Economics and management, Issue 13, рр. 26-29 [in Ukrainian].
  22. Stetsenko, I. (2016). Do pytannia sutnosti suchasnoi mizhnarodnoi lohistyky [To the question of the essence of modern international logistics]. Rynok tsinnykh paperiv Ukrainy – Securities market of Ukraine, 7-8, рр. 53-57 [in Ukrainian].
  23. Lebedynska, O. I. (2017). Osoblyvosti mizhnarodnoi lohistyky v umovakh hlobalizatsii [Peculiarities of international logistics in the conditions of globalization]. Visnyk Kharkivskoho natsionalnoho ahrarnoho universytetu. Ser.: Ekonomichni nauky – Bulletin of Kharkiv National Agrarian University. Ser.: Economic Sciences, 3, рр. 195-201 [in Ukrainian].
  24. Shevchenko, I. V. (2017). Svitovyi dosvid efektyvnoho zdiisnennia lohistychnykh protsesiv na pidpryiemstvakh [World experience of effective implementation of logistics processes at enterprises]. Hlobalni ta natsionalni problemy ekonomiky – Global and national economic problems, Issue 16, рр. 520-524 [in Ukrainian].
  25. Malashchuk, D. V., Hrynchak, N. A. (2018). Vplyv systemy intehrovanoi mizhnarodnoi lohistyky na formuvannia hlobalnoho lohistychnoho menedzhmentu [The influence of the system of integrated international logistics on the formation of global logistics management]. Investytsii: praktyka ta dosvid – Investments: practice and experience, 13, рр. 22-25 [in Ukrainian].
  26. Kozak, Yu. H., Moisieiev, D. S. Sutnist ta osoblyvosti mizhnarodnoi lohistyky [The essence and features of international logistics]. Retrieved from https://conf.ztu.edu.ua/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/283.pdf [in Ukrainian].
  27. Khmelevskyi, O. V. (2019). Mizhnarodna lohistyka u kliuchovykh trendakh yii rozvytku [International logistics in key trends of its development]. Infrastruktura rynku – Market infrastructure, Issue 38, рр. 61-67. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32843/infrastruct38-10 [in Ukrainian].
  28. Smyrnov, I. H. (2007). Mytna lohistyka: komponentna struktura [Customs logistics: component structure]. Naukovyi visnyk Volynskoho derzhavnoho universytetu im. Lesi Ukrainky – Scientific Bulletin of the Volyn State University named after Lesya Ukrainka, 2, рр. 160-168 [in Ukrainian].
  29. Ponomarova, N. V., Stoliar, T. V. (2008). Analiz lohistychnoi orhanizatsii protsesu mytnoi pererobky vantazhiv [Analysis of the logistics organization of the process of customs processing of goods]. Vestnyk KhNADU Herald of the KhNADU, 41, рр. 119-122 [in Ukrainian].
  30. Smyrnov, I. H. (2011). Mytna lohistyka: kartohrafichnyi aspekt [Customs logistics : cartographic aspect]. Chasopys kartohrafii – Journal of cartography, Issue 1, рр. 168-187. Kyiv. KNU named after T. Shevchenko [in Ukrainian].
  31. Huzhevska, L. A. (2011). Mytna lohistyka: sohodennia ta perspektyvy [Customs logistics: present and prospects]. Upravlinnia proektamy, systemnyi analiz i lohistyka. Tekhnichna seriia – Project management, system analysis and logistics. Technical series, Issue 8, рр. 34-37 [in Ukrainian].
  32. Zaitseva, K. V. (2012). Mytna lohistyka yak peredumova intehratsii Ukrainy u svitovu lohistychnu systemu [Customs logistics as a prerequisite for the integration of Ukraine into the global logistics system]. Visnyk ekonomiky transportu i promyslovosti – Herald of the economy of transport and industry, 38, рр. 11-12 [in Ukrainian].
  33. Jablonskis, A., Petersone, M., Ketners, K. (2019). Insights into the definition of customs logistics. Intellectual Economics. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330842477_Insights_into_the_definition_of_customs_logistics.
  34. Ostapenko, A. S., Povod, T. M. (2020). Upravlinnia efektyvnistiu ta mytnymy ryzykamy v lohistychnykh protsesakh zovnishnoekonomichnoi diialnosti [Management of efficiency and customs risks in logistics processes of foreign economic activity]. Skhidna Yevropa: ekonomika, biznes ta upravlinnia – Eastern Europe: Economy, Business and Management, Issue 1(24), рр. 221-228. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32782/easterneurope.24-33 [in Ukrainian].
  35. Yaremenko O. F. Mytna lohistyka: poniattia, funktsii, osoblyvosti [Customs logistics: concepts, functions, features]. Visnyk Khmelnytskoho natsionalnoho universytetu – Bulletin of the Khmelnytskyi National University, Vol. 1, No. 6, рр. 32-36. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31891/2307-5740-2021-300-6-5 [in Ukrainian].
  36. Liashenko, V. I., Osadcha N. V., Trushkina N. V. Instytutsiini umovy pidvyshchennia efektyvnosti vykorystannia tranzytnoho potentsialu Prydniprovskoho ekonomichnoho raionu [Institutional conditions for increasing the efficiency of using the transit potential of the Dnipro economic district]. Naukovyi visnyk Uzhhorodskoho natsionalnoho universytetu. Ser.: Mizhnarodni ekonomichni vidnosyny ta svitove hospodarstvo – Scientific Bulletin of the Uzhhorod National University. Ser.: International economic relations and world economy, Issue 34, рр. 137-146 [in Ukrainian].
  37. Prokopyshyn, O. S. (2020). Rozroblennia prohnoziv eksportno-importnykh operatsii u systemi zovnishnoekonomichnoi diialnosti [Development of forecasts of export-import operations in the system of foreign economic activity]. Upravlinnia ekonomikoiu: teoriia ta praktyka. Chumachenkivski chytannia – Management of Economy: Theory and Practice. Chumachenko’s Annals, рр. 252-260. Kyiv, ІІE of NAS of Ukraine. DOI: https://doi.org/10.37405/2221-1187.2020.252-260 [in Ukrainian].
  38. Osadcha, N. V., Trushkina, N. V. (2021). Henezys poniat «tranzytnyi potentsial rehionu» i «mytnyi rezhym tranzytu» u mizhnarodnii lohistytsi [Genesis of the concepts “transit potential of the region” and “customs regime of transit” in international logistics]. Infrastruktura rynku – Market infrastructure, Issue 52, рр. 9-19. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32843/infrastruct52-2 [in Ukrainian].
  39. Trushkina, N. Lohistychna systema: do pytannia terminolohii [Logistics system: to the issue of terminology]. Věda a perspektivy, 3(10), рр. 84-96. DOI: https://doi.org/10.52058/2695-1592-2022-3(10)-84-96 [in Ukrainian].
  40. Trushkina, N. V., Serbina, T. V. (2022). Mizhnarodna lohistychna diialnist u strukturi zovnishnoi torhivli Ukrainy: bariery, zahrozy ta vyklyky [International logistics activity in the structure of foreign trade of Ukraine: barriers, threats and challenges]. Moderní aspekty vědy: XX. Díl mezinárodní kolektivní monografie. Česká republika, Jesenice: Mezinárodní Ekonomický Institut s.r.o. Str. 611-623 [in Ukrainian].
  41. Trushkina, N. (2022). Conceptual approaches to determining the economic essence of the logistics system category. Theoretical Foundations in Economics and Management: (рр. 107-115). Collective monograph. Boston, Primedia eLaunch. DOI: https://doi.org/10.46299/ISG.2022.MONO.ECON.2.3.2.
  42. Trushkina, N., Serbina, T. (2022). Mizhnarodna lohistyka u systemi zovnishnoekonomichnoi diialnosti pidpryiemstva [International logistics in the system of foreign economic activity of the enterprise]. International Science Journal of Management, Economics & Finance, Vol. 1, No. 3, рр. 101-114. DOI: https://doi.org/10.46299/j.isjmef.20220103.7 [in Ukrainian].
  43. Hnatyshyn, L. B., Trushkina, N. V. (2021). Tsyfrova transformatsiia systemy upravlinnia lohistychnoiu diialnistiu ahrarnykh pidpryiemstv [Digital transformation of the logistics management system of agrarian enterprises]. Biznes Inform – Business Inform, 12, рр. 98-107. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32983/2222-4459-2021-12-98-107 [in Ukrainian].
  44. Hnatyshyn, L., Prokopyshyn, O., Trushkina, N. (2022). Transformation of marketing activity of agricultural enterprises in the digital economy: theoretical aspects. Digitalization and Information Society. Selected Issues: monograph 53 / Edited by A. Ostenda, T. Nestorenko. (рр. 361-372). Katowice, Publishing House of University of Technology.
  45. Trushkina, N., Prokopyshyn, O., Dranus, L. (2022). Customer relationship management in the system of logistics administration at agricultural enterprises. Security management of the XXI century: national and geopolitical aspects: collective monograph. Iss. 4 / in edition D. Diachkov; Poltava State Agrarian University. (рр. 190-196). Prague, Eastern European Center of the Fundamental Researchers, Nemoros s.r.o.
  46. Trushkina, N., Dzwigol, H., Kwilinski, A. (2021). Cluster Model of Organizing Logistics in the Region (on the Example of the Economic District “Podillya”). Journal of European Economy, Vol. 20, No. 1, рр. 127-145. DOI: https://doi.org/10.35774/jee2021.01.127.
  47. Liashenko, V., Ivanov, S., Trushkina, N. (2021). A Conceptual Approach to Forming a Transport and Logistics Cluster as a Component of the Region’s Innovative Infrastructure (on the Example of Prydniprovsky Economic Region of Ukraine). Virtual Economics, Vol. 4, No. 1, рр. 19-53. DOI: https://doi.org/10.34021/ve.2021.04.01(2).
  48. Prokopyshyn, O., Pushak, H., Trushkina, N. (2021). Orhanizatsiino-ekonomichnyi mekhanizm upravlinnia rozvytkom klasternykh struktur v ahropromyslovomu kompleksu ekonomichnykh raioniv Ukrainy [Organizational and economic mechanism of managing the development of cluster structures in the agro-industrial complex of economic regions of Ukraine]. Věda a perspektivy, 7(7), рр. 175-188. DOI: https://doi.org/10.52058/2695-1592-2021-7(7)-175-188 [in Ukrainian].
  49. Koshkalda, I. V., Prokopyshyn, O. S., Trushkina, N. V. (2022). Kontseptualni zasady stvorennia innovatsiinykh ahroklasteriv v umovakh staloho rozvytku natsionalnoi ekonomiky [Conceptual principles of creation of innovative agroclusters in conditions of sustainable development of the national economy]. Naukovyi visnyk Ivano-Frankivskoho natsionalnoho tekhnichnoho universytetu nafty i hazu. Ser.: Ekonomika ta upravlinnia v naftovii i hazovii promyslovosti – Scientific Bulletin of the Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas. Ser.: Economics and Management in the Oil and Gas Industry, 1(25), рр. 74-88. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31471/2409-0948-2022-1(25)-74-88 [in Ukrainian].

Full Text (.pdf)