2021 1(40)6

Applying of Regional Benchmarking in the Smart Prioritization Process

Hanna Shevtsova
Doctor of Economic Sciences
ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3960-5296
е-mail: shevtsova_hanna@nas.gov.ua,
Nataliia Shvets
Phd in Economic Sciences
ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1215-2397
е-mail: shvetsnnn@ukr.net,
Institute of Industrial Economics of the NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv

Citation Format
Shevtsova, H. Z., Shvets, N. V. (2021). Applying of Regional Benchmarking in the Smart Prioritization Process. Visnyk ekonomichnoi nauky Ukrainy, 1 (40), рр. 47-59. doi: https://doi.org/10.37405/1729-7206.2021.1(40).47-59

Language
Ukrainian

Resume
The article is devoted to the scientific and methodological aspects of regional benchmarking in the entrepreneurial discovery process as part of the development of regional smart specialization strategy. We present the results of using the author’s methodology on the example of one of the sectoral priority areas of smart specialization in European regions.
The relevance of the implementation of regional benchmarking and the place of its incorporation into the process of smart prioritization, taking into account the existing methodological support for the development of regional smart specialization strategies have been substantiated.
The methodology for regional benchmarking proposed by the authors includes the following main stages: (1) mapping and defining smart priorities for focal econo­mic activities; (2) analysis of regional priorities according to European policy objectives of smart specialization and study of their structure taking into account the innovative activity of the regions; (3) analysis of the content and goals of regional smart projects with the identification of intersectoral links; (4) analysis of attracting clusters to regional smart specialization and study their localization and selected priority areas; (5) analysis of interregional cooperation in selected thematic area of smart specialization; (6) processing and formalization of the obtained research results.
The results of approbation of the proposed methodology are presented on the example of involving the chemical sector in the formation of smart projects. Using data from European internet platforms, we examined 90 smart priorities selected in 69 European regions. It was determined that the dominant goals of the smart specialization policy based on chemical production are Key enabling technologies, Sustainable innovation and Digital transformation. We found that these goals were chosen mainly by the innovation-active regions, while regions with a low level of innovation development, in addition to Sustainable innovation and Key enabling technologies, also focus on projects in the field of health and safety. It is concluded that the combination of knowledge and assets in the smart specialization process in Europe is the result of increased intersectoral and interregional cooperation, including using cluster technologies. Сross-sectoral linkages in smart projects are formed mostly within the existing value chains. At the same time, recently, new intersectoral partnerships, which are focused mainly on digitalization, diffusion of innovative biotechnologies and technologies for sustainable development, have emerged and are actively developing.

Keywords
smart specialization, entrepreneurial discovery process, benchmarking, chemical industry, policy objectives, regional development, innovations.

Referensces

  1. Cherevatskyi, D. Iu., Soldak, M. O., Liakh, O. V., Zaloznova, Yu. S. et al. (2020). Tsyrkuliarna smart-spetsializatsiia staropromyslovykh shakhtarskykh rehioniv Ukrainy [Circular smart specialization of old industrial mining regions of Ukraine]. Kyiv, IІЕ of the NAS of Ukraine. 196 p. [in Ukrainian].
  2. Amosha O. I., Zaloznova Yu. S., Ivanov S. V., Liashenko V. I., Pidorycheva I. Iu., et al. (2021). Innovatsiine Prydniprovia: hra na vyperedzhennia [Innovative Dnieper: a game ahead]. Kyiv, IІЕ of the NAS of Ukraine. 286 p. [in Ukrainian].
  3. Amosha O., Lyakh O., Soldak M., Cherevatskyi D. (2018). Institutional determinants of implementation of the smart specialisation concept: Case for old industrial coal-mining regions in Ukraine. Journal of European Economy, Vol. 17 (3), pp. 305-332. doi: https://doi.org/10.35774/jee2018.03.305
  4. Amosha O., Shevtsova H., Memedlyaev Z. (2020). Utilization of mine water of Kryvbas as an imperative for sustainable development of Dnipropetrovsk region. E3S Web of Conferences. 166, 01009. doi: https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/202016601009
  5. Amosha, O. I., Shevtsova, H. Z., Shvets, N. V. (2019). Peredumovy smart-spetsializatsii Donetsko-Pry­dniprovskoho makrorehionu na osnovi rozvytku khimichnoho vyrobnytstva [Prerequisites for smart specialization of Donetsk-Prydniprovsky macro-region based on chemical production development]. Ekon. promyslovosti – Economy of Industry, Vol. 3 (87), pp. 5-33. doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/econindustry2019.03.005 [in Ukrainian].
  6. Petrova, I. P. (2020). Modernizatsiia ekonomiky staropromyslovykh rehioniv na zasadakh smart-spetsializatsii [Modernization of the economy of the old industrial regions on the basis of smart specialization]. Visnyk Natsionalnoi akademii nauk Ukrainy – Herald of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Vol. 6, pp. 30-37. doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/visn2020.06.030 [in Ukrainian].
  7. Shevtsova, H., Shvets, N., Kramchaninova, M., Pchelynska, H. (2020). In search of smart specialization to ensure the sustainable development of the post-conflict territory: the case of the Luhansk region in Ukraine. European Journal of Sustainable Development, Vol. 9 No 2, pp. 512-524. doi: https://doi.org/10.14207/ejsd.2020.v9n2p512 [in English].
  8. Pidorycheva, I. Yu. (2020). Instytutsiine zabezpechennia rozshyrennia funktsionalu rehionalnykh naukovykh tsentriv NAN Ukrainy ta MON Ukrainy u kon­teksti smart-spetsializatsii (na prykladi Prydniprov­skoho ekonomichnoho raionu) [Institutional Safeguarding of Functional Expanding of Regional Scientific Centers of NAS of Ukraine and MES of Ukraine in the Context of Smart Specialisation (on the Example of the Prydniprovskyi Economic Area)]. Visnyk ekonomichnoi nauky Ukrai­ny– Herald of the Economic Sciences of Ukraine, Vol. 2, рр. 63-74. doi: https://doi.org/10.37405/1729-7206.2019.2(37).63-74 [in Ukrainian].
  9. Shvets, N., Shevtsova, H. (2020). Rozvytok pid­pryiemnytstva ta yoho rol u realizatsii pidkhodu smart-spetsializatsii v Ukraini [Entrepreneurship development and its role in implementing the smart specialization approach in Ukraine]. Ekonomichnyi visnyk Donbasu Economic – Herald of the Donbas, Vol. 2, pp. 53-66 doi: https://doi.org/10.12958/1817-3772-2020-2(60)-53-66 [in Ukrainian].
  10. Ishchuk, O., Sozanskyy, L .Y. (2020). Metodolohichni zasady vyboru potentsiinykh sfer smartspetsializatsii rehioniv Ukrainy [Methodological principles for choosing potential areas of smart specialization of the regions of Ukraine]. Ekonomika ta pravo – Economics and Law, Vol. 2, pp. 32-44 doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/econlaw.2020.02.032 [in Ukrainian].
  11. Rodchenko, V., Beliavtseva, V., Khripunova, D. (2018). Doslidzhennia domeniv v rozrizi formuvannia stratehii smart spetsializatsii [Domains research in the detection of smart specialization strategy formation]. Ekonomika ta pravo – Social Economics, Vol. 56, pp. 69-77 [in Ukrainian].
  12. Salikhova, O. B. (2019). Modernizatsiia promyslovosti na zasadakh rozumnoi spetsializatsii. Chastyna I. Vykorystannia tekhnolohii, shcho nadaiut mozhlyvosti, yak priorytet promyslovoi polityky YeS [Industry Modernization Based on the Principles of Smart Specialization. Part I. Using the Key Enabling Technologies as a Priority of the EU Industrial Policy]. Statystyka Ukrainy – Statistics of Ukraine, Vol. 4, pp. 65-71 doi: https://doi.org/10.31767/su.4(87)2019.04.07 [in Ukrainian].
  13. Lyakh, A. V., Swain, A. (2019). Modernizatsiya promyishlennosti na osnove klyuchevyih perspektivnyih tehnologiy: obzor zarubezhnogo opyita [Modernization of industry based on key enabling technologies: overview of foreign experience]. Ekonomika promyslovosti – Economy of Industry, Vol. 3, pp. 34-58 doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/econindustry2019.03.034 [in Russian].
  14. Preparing for Our Future: Developing a Common Strategy for Key Enabling Technologies in the EU. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the European Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. COM(2009) 512 final. Brussels. Retrieved from https: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/en/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52009DC0512&from=EN
  15. Foray, D., Goddard, J., Goenaga Beldarrain, X. et al. (2012). Guide to Research and Innovation Strategies for Smart Specialisation (RIS 3). Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 122 p.
  16. Gianelle, C., Kyriakou, D., Cohen, C., Przeor, M. (Eds). (2016). Implementing Smart Specialisation: A Handbook. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 122 p. doi: https://doi.org/10.2791/53569
  17. Metodolohiia shchodo vprovadzhennia protsesu pidpryiemnytskoho vidkryttia. Neofitsiina versiia. (2020). Ukrainian Institute for International Politics, 46 p. Retrieved from http://surl.li/fopw [in Ukrainian].
  18. Prus, L. R. (2011). Typolohiia benchmarkinhu [Typology of benchmarking]. Stalyi rozvytok ekonomiky – Sustainable economic development, Vol. 4 (7), pp. 265-268 [in Ukrainian].
  19. Panchyshyn, T. V. (2017). Rehionalnyi benchmarkinh yak instrument munitsypalnoho ta derzhavnoho upravlinnia [Regional benchmarking as a tool of municipal and public administration]. Naukovi zapysky – Scientific Papers, Vol. 2, pp. 84-92 [in Ukrainian].
  20. Pedak, I. S. (2017). Benchmarkinh yak mekhanizm porivnialnoho analizu ta zaporuka maibutnoho rehioniv [Benchmarking as a mechanism of comparative analysis and guarantee of development of regions]. Vcheni zapysky TNU imeni V.I. Vernadskoho. Seriia: Derzhavne upravlinnia, Vol. 1 (28), pp. 52-56 [in Ukrainian].
  21. Benchmarking Regional Structure. Smart Specialisation Platform. Retrieved from https://s3platform.jrc.ec.europa.eu/regional-benchmarking
  22. Navarro, M., Gibaja, J., Franco, S. et al. (2014). Regional benchmarking in the smart specialisation process: Identification of reference regions based on structural similarity. S3 Working Paper Series No. 03/2014. Spain: European Commission, Joint Research Centre, 36 p.
  23. Chykarenko, I., Mamatova, T., Chykarenko, O. (2020). Stratehiia rehionalnoho rozvytku na osnovi Cmart-spetsializatsii: metodolohichni zasady [Regional development strategy based on Smart-specialization: methodological background]. Aspekty publichnoho upravlinnia – Public Administartion Aspects, Vol. 8, pp. 30-42 doi: https://doi.org/10.15421/152003 [in Ukrainian].
  24. Shvets, N. (2020). Pytannia formuvannia khimichnoho klasteru v konteksti implementatsii pidkhodu smart-spetsializatsii u Dnipropetrovskii oblasti [Issues of chemical cluster formation in the context of the implementation of smart specialization approach in Dnipropetrovsk region]. Ekonomichnyi visnyk Donbasu Economic – Herald of the Donbas, Vol. 3, pp. 70-79 doi: https://doi.org/10.12958/1817-3772-2020-3(61)-70-79 [in Ukrainian].
  25. Eye@RIS3: Innovation Priorities in Europe. Smart Specialisation Platform. Retrieved from https://s3platform.jrc.ec.europa.eu/map [in English].
  26. European Council Conclusions. 1/2 March 2012. EUCO 4/3/12 REV 3. Brussels. Retrieved from https://data.consilium.europa.eu/doc/document/ST-4-2012-REV-3/en/pdf
  27. A European Strategy for Key Enabling Technologies – A Bridge to Growth and Jobs. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. COM(2012) 341 final. Brussels. Retrieved from https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2012:0341:FIN:EN:PDF
  28. A Stronger European Industry for Growth and Economic Recovery. Industrial Policy Communication Update. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. COM (2012) 582 final. Brussels. Retrieved from https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52012DC0582&from=EN
  29. Key enabling technologies. European Commission. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/info/research-and-innovation/research-area/industrial-research-and-innovation/key-enabling-technologies_en
  30. Vyshnevskyi, V. P., Zbarazska, L. O., Zanizdra, M. Iu. et al. (2016). Natsionalna model neoindustrialnoho rozvytku Ukrainy [National model of neo-industrial development of Ukraine]. Kyiv, Institute of Industrial Economics of the NAS of Ukraine. 518 p. [in Ukrainian].
  31. Shevtsova, H. Z. (2017). Khimichna industriia 4.0 yak haluzeva kontseptsiia realizatsii osnov chetvertoi promyslovoi revoliutsii [Chemicals 4.0 as a sectoral concept of implementation the foundations of the fourth industrial revolution]. Ekonomichnyi visnyk Donbasu Economic – Herald of the Donbas, Vol. 2, pp. 35-41 [in Ukrainian].
  32. Meincke, H., Nickel, J.-P., Westerheide, P. (2018). Chemistry 4.0 – Growth through innovation in a transforming world. Journal of Business Chemistry, Vol. 15 (1), pp. 42-53.
  33. Shevtsova, H., Maslosh, O. (2019). Chemical production modernization in the formative phase of Industry 4.0: study of trends and problems of investment support. Technology audit and production reserves, Vol. 1. N. 4 (45), pp. 30-37 doi: https://doi.org/10.15587/2312-8372.2019.157152
  34. Spelman, M., Gomez, F., Weinelt, B. et al. (2017). Digital Transformation Initiative. Chemistry and Advanced Materials industry. World Economic Forum, Assenture, 40 p.
  35. Vyshnevskyi, V. P., Viietska, O. V., Viietskyi, O. A. et al. (2019). Smart-promyslovist: napriamy stanovlennia, problemy i rishennia [Smart industry: directions of formation, problems and solutions]. Kyiv, Institute of Industrial Economics of the NAS of Ukraine. 464 p. [in Ukrainian].
  36. Regional Innovation Scoreboard 2019. (2019). European Commission. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 96 p. doi: https://doi.org/10.2873/89165
  37. Shevtsova, H., Shvets, N., Kasatkina, M. (2020). How Leading Global Chemical Companies Contribute to Industry 4.0. 2020 61st International Scientific Conference on Information Technology and Management Science of Riga Technical University (ITMS). Riga, Latvia, pp. 1-6. doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/ITMS51158.2020.9259317
  38. Kannegiesser, M. (2008). Value Chain Management in the Chemical Industry: Global Value Chain Planning of Commodities. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-7908-2032-4
  39. Shevtsova, H. Z., Shvets, N. V. (2017). Klaste­ryzatsiia khimichnoi promyslovosti: yevropeiskyi dosvid ta uroky dlia Ukrainy [Clustering of the chemical industry: European experience and lessons for Ukraine]. Visnyk ekonomichnoi nauky Ukrainy – Herald of the Economic Sciences of Ukraine, Vol. 2, pp. 103-109 [in Ukrainian].
  40. Cluster mapping: Industry Selector. European Cluster Collaboration Platform. Retrieved from https://reporting.clustercollaboration.eu/industry
  41. Shevtsova, H. Z. (2020). Suchasni trendy ta priorytety rozvytku yevropeiskoi khimichnoi industrii: analitychnyi ohliad [Current trends and priorities of the European chemical industry’s development: an analytical review]. Visnyk ekonomichnoi nauky Ukrainy – Herald of the Economic Sciences of Ukraine, Vol. 2 (39), pp. 36-45 doi: https://doi.org/10.37405/1729-7206.2020.2(39).36-45 [in Ukrainian].

Full Text (.pdf)