Strategy for the Development of Higher Education in Ukraine in the Context of the Requirements for Human Capital and European Integration Processes
Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor
Institute of Industrial Economics of the NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv
Antonyuk, V. P. (2021). Strategy for the Development of Higher Education in Ukraine in the Context of the Requirements for Human Capital and European Integration Processes. Visnyk ekonomichnoi nauky Ukrainy, 1 (40), рр. 113-119. doi: https://doi.org/10.37405/1729-7206.2020.2(39).113-119
The article substantiates the need to develop strategic approaches to the modernization of the higher education system in Ukraine in accordance with the current needs of social development and European integration processes. The analysis of the formation of educational policy in Ukraine and its strategic priorities throughout the entire period of independence is carried out. Revealed the strengthening of the orientation of the higher education system (HES) in Ukraine in the European educational space, noted certain changes in the modernization of higher education. However, they do not provide sustainable progressive changes in the higher education system, solving existing problems and overcoming the lag of the domestic system of higher education from developed countries. An examination of the draft Strategy for the Development of Higher Education for 2021-2031 was carried out, an assessment of its positive parameters was made, and a number of omissions and shortcomings were identified that would limit its role in the significant modernization of Ukrainian higher education in accordance with the needs of human capital development and in modern processes of transformation of society, can hinder modernization of the highest school and its European integration vector of development. They are associated with a weak conceptual substantiation of the leading role of higher education in modern social progress; lack of adequate attention of the Strategy to the main stakeholders of the HES, primarily to employers who form the labor market for graduates of higher educational institutions, as well as to consumers of educational services – students and the population in general. The prepared draft Strategy does not sufficiently take into account the wide possibilities of digitalization for the development of universities, the priority need to develop students’ skills of innovation and entrepreneurship, the need for a greater orientation of the activities of higher education institutions to the needs of regional development.
higher education system, universities, higher education development strategy, human capital, European educational space.
- Uhoda pro Asotsiatsiiu mizh Ukrainoiu, z odniiei storony, ta Yevropeiskym Soiuzom, Yevropeiskym spivtovarystvom z atomnoi enerhii i yikhnimy derzhavamy-chlenamy, z inshoi storony [Association Agreement between Ukraine, of the one part, and the European Union, the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, of the other part]. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/984_011#Text [in Ukrainian].
- MON Ukrainy. Proiekt Stratehii rozvytku vyshchoi osvity Ukrainy na 2021-2031 roky [MES of Ukraine. Draft Strategy for the Development of Higher Education of Ukraine for 2021-2031]. Retrieved from https://mon.gov.ua/ua/news/mon-proponuye-dlya-gromadskogo-obgovorennya-proyekt-strategiyi-rozvitku-vishoyi-osviti-ukrayini [in Ukrainian].
- Vitrenko, Yu. M., Vorona, V. O. (2020)/ Stratehiia rozvytku vyshchoi osvity v Ukraini na 2021-2031 roky: ekonomichnyi aspekt [Strategy for the development of higher education in Ukraine for 2021-2031: the economic aspect]. Visnyk Natsionalnoi akademii pedahohichnykh nauk Ukrainy – Bulletin of the National Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine, 2(2). doi: https://doi.org/10.37472/2707-305X-2020-2-2-11-6 [in Ukrainian].
- Vynnytskyi, M. (2020). Pro stratehiiu rozvytku vyshchoi osvity. Nam ne potribna «vyvykhnuta» avtonomiia [About the strategy of higher education development. We do not need “dislocated” autonomy]. Dzerkalo tyzhdnia – Mirror of the week, 12 November. Retrieved from https://zn.ua/ukr/EDUCATION/nam-ne-potribna-vivikhnuta-avtonomija.html [in Ukrainian].
- Yak pokrashchyty proiekt Stratehii rozvytku vyshchoi osvity Ukrainy na 2021-2031 roky? [How to improve the draft Strategy for the Development of Higher Education of Ukraine for 2021-2031?]. Analytical Center of Borys Hrychenko University of Kyiv “EducationAnalytics”. Retrieved from https://www.skeptic.in.ua/wp-content/uploads/Highered-in-2031-commentary.pdf [in Ukrainian].
- Antoniuk, V. P. (2021). Stratehichni zasady upravlinnia rozvytkom vyshchoi osvity Ukrainy v konteksti yevrointehratsii [Strategic principles of managing the development of higher education in Ukraine in the context of European integration]. Efektyvni rishennia v ekonomitsi, finansakh ta upravlinni – Effective solutions in economics, finance and management: Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Conference. (рр. 120-123). Odesa, Eastern European Center for Scientific Research [in Ukrainian].
- Zakon Ukrainy «Pro vyshchu osvitu» [Law of Ukraine “On Higher Education”]. (2014). Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy – Information of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, 37–38, Art. 2004 (as amended and supplemented). Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1556-18#Text [in Ukrainian].
- Derzhavna natsionalna prohrama «Osvita» («Ukraina ХХI stolittia»): Postanovа Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy vid 3 lystopada 1993 r. № 896 [State National Program “Education” (“Ukraine of the XXI Century”): Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of November 3, 1993 № 896]. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/896-93-%D0%BF#Text [in Ukrainian].
- Natsionalna doktryna rozvytku osvity: Ukaz Prezydenta Ukrainy vid 17 kvitnia 2002 r. № 347/2002 [National Doctrine of Education Development: Decree of the President of Ukraine of April 17, 2002 № 347/2002]. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/347/2002#Text [in Ukrainian].
- Natsionalna stratehiia rozvytku osvity v Ukraini na period do 2021 roku: Ukaz Prezydenta Ukrainy vid 25 chervnia 2013 r. № 344/2013 [National Strategy for the Development of Education in Ukraine for the period up to 2021: Decree of the President of Ukraine of June 25, 2013 № 344/2013]. Retrieved from https://www.president.gov.ua/documents/3442013-15402 [in Ukrainian].
- Etzkowitz, H. and Leydesdorff, L. (2000). The dynamics of innovation: from National Systems and “Mode 2” to a triple helix of university-industry-government relation. Research Policy, 29, рр. 109–123.
- Romer, P. M. (1990). Endogenous Technological Change. Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 98, №5, рр. 71.
- Kaleniuk. I., Diachenko. A. (2016). Pidpryiemnytski universytety v hlobalnomu osvitnomu prostori [Entrepreneurial universities in the global educational space]. Mizhnarodna ekonomichna polityka – International economic policy, 2 (25), рр. 60- 75 [in Ukrainian].
- Ukraina v Prohrami YeS Erazmus+ 2014-2020 rr. [Ukraine in the EU Erasmus + Program 2014-2020]. Retrieved from https://erasmusplus.org.ua/erasmus/novyny-i-baza-proektiv.html [in Ukrainian].
Full Text (.pdf)