2020 2(39)9

Institutional Safeguarding of Functional Expanding of Regional Scientific Centers of NAS of Ukraine and MES of Ukraine in the Context of Smart Specialisation (on the Example of the Prydniprovskyi Economic Area)

Iryna Pidorycheva
Phd in Economic Sciences
ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4622-8997
Institute of Industrial Economics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv

Citation Format
Pidorycheva I. Yu. (2020). Institutional Safeguarding of Functional Expanding of Regional Scientific Centers of NAS of Ukraine and MES of Ukraine in the Context of Smart Specialisation (on the Example of the Prydniprovskyi Economic Area). Visnyk ekonomichnoi nauky Ukrainy, 2 (39), рр. 63-74. doi: https://doi.org/10.37405/1729-7206.2019.2(37).63-74

Language
Ukrainian

Resume
With the signing of the Association Agreement bet­ween Ukraine and the EU, the amendment of the Constitution of Ukraine regarding the implementation of Ukraine’s strategic course towards gaining full membership in the EU, approvement the National Security Strategy of Ukraine, in which European integration is recognized as the main direction of development of the Ukrainian state, Ukraine made the civilisational choice. The implementation of this civilizational choice obliges Ukraine to follow the path of the implementation of European integration reforms, to adopt the rules, norms and practices of the EU for successful integration into the European space and the system of formal institutions of the EU. This, among other things, concerns the need to implement the European approach to territorial division and regional policy, the introduce the smart specialisation approach into the system of strategic planning for regional development. The development of regional innovation ecosystems and the building of effective relationships between all their actors play a decisive role in the successful implementation of smart specialisation strategies.
The system of interrelationships between the actors of the regional innovation ecosystem of the Prydniprovskyi economic area is analysed for their presence and intensity in comparison with other regions and Ukraine as a whole. It has been determined that both national and regional innovation ecosystems of Ukraine (including the Prydniprovskyi economic area) lack effective relationships between their key actors.
The scientific and institutional provisions and recommendations for the formation of regional innovation ecosystems at the level of economic regions of Ukraine that meet the requirements of the European classification NUTS 1, in the context of the implementation of the Association Agreement between Ukraine and the EU and the smart specialisation approach, have been substantiated. They are the following: to empower of Regional Scientific Centers of NAS of Ukraine and MES of Ukraine with additional powers to coordinate relations between actors of regional innovation ecosystems within the areas of their action, as well as to amend and supplement of the Law of Ukraine «On Scientific and Scientific and Technology Activities» to expand the functions and powers of Regional Scientific Centers, turning them into effective interregional focal points for innovative development.
An approach to the formation of the Podillya regional innovation ecosystem within the Podillya economic area has been proposed. On the basis of the Prydniprovskyi Scientific Center of NAS of Ukraine and MES of Ukraine, it has been proposed to implement several experiments, firstly, on the formation of the Prydniprovskyi regional innovation ecosystem; secondly, on the creation of interregional public union «Platform for innovative development «Pridneprovie»», which can become a «factory of thought» on ways and means of restarting relations between actors of the regional innovation ecosystem and neo-industrial revival of the Prydniprovskyi economic area.

Keywords
innovation ecosystem, regional innovation ecosystem, Regional Scientific Centers of NAS of Ukraine and MES of Ukraine, economic area, European integration, smart specialisation.

Referensces

  1. National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine. (2020). Ukaz Prezydenta Ukrainy: Pro rіshennia Rady natsіonalnoi bezpeky і oborony Ukrainy vіd 14 veresnia 2020 roku «Pro Stratehіiu natsіonalnoi bezpeky Ukrainy» vіd 14.09.2020 № 392/2020 [The Presidential Decree: On the decision of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine dated September 14, 2020 «On the National Security Strategy of Ukraine» of Sept. 14, № 392/2020]. Retrieved from https://www.president.gov.ua/documents/3922020-35037 [in Ukrainian].
  2. European Commission. (2014). Smart specialization and Europe’s growth agenda. Brussels, European Commission.
  3. Foray D., Goddard J., Beldarrain X.G., Landabaso M., McCann P., Morgan K., Nauwelaers C., Ortega‐Argilés R. (2012). Guide to Research and Innovation Strategies for Smart Specialisations (RIS3). Brussels, European Commission.
  4. Arnkil R., Järvensivu A., Koski, P., Piirainen T. (2010). Exploring Quadruple Helix. Report of Quadruple Helix Research for the CLIQ Project. University of Tampere, Work Research Center.
  5. Foray D., van Ark B. (2007). Smart specialisation in a truly integrated research area is the key to attracting more R&D to Europe. Knowledge Economists Policy Brief, Vol. 1, рр. 1-4.
  6. Foray D., David P., Hall B. (2009). Smart specialization – The concept. Knowledge Economists Policy Brief, Vol. 9, No. 85, рр. 1–5.
  7. European Commission. (2010). Europe 2020: A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. Brussels. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/eu2020/pdf/COMPLET%20EN%20BARROSO%20%20%20007%20-%20Europe%202020%20-%20EN%20version.pdf.
  8. OECD. (2013). Innovation-driven growth in regions: The role of smart specialisation. Paris: OECD. Retrieved from https://www.oecd.org/innovation/inno/smart-specialisation.pdf.
  9. UNECE. (2014). Report of the Team of Specialists on Innovation and Competitiveness Policies on its seventh session. Seventh session. 16–17 October 2014. Geneva: United Nations. Retrieved from https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/ceci/documents/2015/CECI/ECE.CECI.ICP.2014.2_as_submitted.pdf.
  10. Amosha O. I., Shevtsova H. Z., Shvets N. V. (2019). Peredumovy smart-spetsializatsii Donetsko-Pryd­niprovskoho makrorehionu na osnovi rozvytku khimichnoho vyrobnytstva [Prerequisites for smart specialization of Donetsk-Prydniprovsky macro-region based on chemical production development]. Econ. promisl., 3 (87), pp. 5-33. doi: http://doi.org/10.15407/econindustry2019.03.005 [in Ukrainian].
  11. Shvets N., Shevtsova H. (2020). Rozvytok pіdpryiemnytstva ta yoho rol u realіzatsіi pіdkhodu smart-spetsіalіzatsіi v Ukrainі [Entrepreneurship development and its role in implementing the smart specialization approach in Ukraine]. Ekonomichnyi visnyk Donbasu – Economic Herald of the Donbas, 2 (60), pp. 53-66. doi: http://doi.org/10.12958/1817-3772-2020-2(60)-53-66 [in Ukrainian].
  12. Shevtsova H., Shvets N., Kramchaninova M., Pchelynska H. (2020). In Search of Smart Specialization to Ensure the Sustainable Development of the Post-Conflict Territory: the Case of the Luhansk Region in Ukraine. European Journal of Sustainable Development, 9 (2), pp. 512-524. doi: https://doi.org/10.14207/ejsd.2020.v9n2p512.
  13. Lіashenko V. I., Petrova I. P. (2020). Stratehuvannia v systemі derzhavnoho upravlіnnia: vyklyky sohodennia ta naukovo-ekspertnі platformy [Strategies in the system of public administration: current challenges and scientific and expert platforms]. Visnyk ekonomichnoi nauky Ukrainy – Bulletin of Economic Science of Ukraine, 1 (38), рр. 86-96. doi: https://doi.org/10.37405/1729-7206.2020.1(38).86-96 [in Ukrainian].
  14. Lіashenko V. I., Petrova I. P. (2019). Systema іnstytutsіi spryiannia rehіonalnomu rozvytku na zasadakh smart-spetsіalіzatsіi [A system of institutions for promoting regional development based on smart specialization]. Upravlіnnia publіchnoiu ekonomіkoiu: novі vyklyky ta stratehіia– Public Economy Management: New Challenges and Strategy: Proceedings of V International Scientific and Practical Conference, pp. 62-68. Kyiv, KNEU [in Ukrainian].
  15. Amosha O., Lyakh O., Soldak M., Cherevatskyi D. (2018). Institutional determinants of implementation of the smart specialisation concept: Case for old industrial coal-mining regions in Ukraine. Journal of European Economy, 17 (3), pp. 305-332. doi: http://doi.org/10.35774/jee2018.03.305.
  16. Snihova O.Yu. (2018). Rozkryttia potentsіalu smart-spetsіalіzatsіi dlia podolannia rehіonalnoi struk­turnoi іnertnostі v Ukrainі [Smart specialisation potential revealing for the overcoming of regional structural inertness in Ukraine]. Ekonomіka Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 8 (681), pp. 75-87 [in Ukrainian].
  17. Yegorov I., Ryzhkova Yu. (2018). Innovation po-
    licy and implementation of smart specialisation in Ukraine. Ekon. Prognozuvannâ – Economy and forecasting, 3, pp. 48-64. doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/eip2018.03.048.
  18. Gryga V. (2019). Zarubіzhna praktyka vprovadzhennia «rozumnoi spetsіalіzatsіi» ta mozhlyvostі yii zastosuvannia v Ukrainі [Foreign practice of the implementation of smart specialization and the opportunities of its use in Ukraine]. Ekon. Prognozuvannâ – Economy and forecasting, 2, pp. 138-153. doi: http://doi.org/http://doi.org/10.15407/eip2019.02.138 [in Ukrainian].
  19. Pidorycheva І. (2020). Innovation ecosystem in contemporary economic researches. Econ. promisl., 2 (90), рр. 54-92. doi: http://doi.org/10.15407/econindustry2020.02.054 [inUkrainian].
  20. Pidorycheva I. Yu. (2020). Innovation ecosystem of Pridneprovsky economic region: actors, their quality and completeness. Visnyk ekonomichnoi nauky Ukrainy – Bulletin of Economic Science of Ukraine, 1 (38), рр. 116-130. doi: https://doi.org/10.37405/1729-7206.2020.1(38).116-130 [in Ukrainian].
  21. Davymuka S. A., Fedulova L. I. (2016). Re­hіonalnі іnnovatsіinі ekosystemy: napriamy rozbudovy v umovakh yevropeiskoi іntehratsіi [Regional innovation ecosystems: directions of development in the conditions of European integration]. Lviv, Dolishniy Institute of Regional Research of NAS of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].
  22. Kasych A.O. (2013). Dosvіd formuvannia natsіo­nalnykh іnnovatsіinykh system u krainakh, shcho rozvyvaiutsia [Formation experience of national innovation systems in developing countries]. Aktualnі problemy ekonomіky – Actual Problems of Economics, 5, pp. 46-49 [inUkrainian].
  23. Kacura S. N. (2011). Stanovlenie innovacionnoj sistemy v Ukraine: nacionalnyj i regionalnyj aspekty [A formation of the innovation system in Ukraine: national and regional aspects]. Donetsk, Institute of Industrial Economics of NAS of Ukraine [in Russian].
  24. Kravchenko S. I. & Zanizdra M. Yu. (2019). Typology of basic supranational innovative systems. Econ. promisl., 1 (85), рр. 5-29. doi: http://doi.org/10.15407/econindustry2019.01.005 [in Ukrainian].
  25. European Commission. (2019). Regional Innovation Scoreboard 2019. European Commission. European Union.
  26. Alymov O.M., Amosha O. I. et al. (2014). Pershyietap modernizatsii ekonomiky Ukrainy: dosvid ta problem [The first stage of modernization of the economy of Ukraine: experience and problems]. Zaporizhzhia, KPU [in Ukrainian].
  27. European Commission. (2019). Innovation Union Scoreboard 2019. European Commission. European Union.
  28. State Statistics Service of Ukraine. (2019). Naukova ta іnnovatsіina dіialnіst Ukrainy u 2018 rotsі [Science and innovation in Ukraine in 2018]. Kyiv, State Statistics Service of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].
  29. Lіashenko V. I., Pidorycheva I. Yu. (2017). Rehіonalnі naukovі tsentry NAN Ukrainy ta MON Ukrainy yak yadro rozbudovy rehіonalnykh іnnovatsіinykh system v umovakh detsentralіzatsіi [Regional Science Centers of NAS of Ukraine and MES of Ukraine as the core of the development of regional innovation systems in the context of decentralization]. Ekonomichnyi visnyk Donbasu – Economic Herald of the Donbas, 1 (47), pp. 13-20 [in Ukrainian].
  30. Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. (2016). Law of Ukraine: On Scientific and Scientific and Technology Activities of Nov. 26, № 848-VIII. Vіdomostі Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy Information of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, 3, art. 25 [in Ukrainian].
  31. Typovoi ustav rehyonalnoho nauchnoho tsentra NAN Ukraynы y MON Ukraynы utverzhden posta­novlenyem Kollehyy MON Ukraynы y Prezydyuma NAN Ukraynы [The model charter of the Regional Scientific Center of NAS of Ukraine and MES of Ukraine approved by the resolution of the Collegium of MES of Ukraine of Nov. 22, № 14/1-13 / 302] [in Ukrainian].
  32. NAS of Ukraine. (2020). Naukovі tsentry NAN Ukrainy і MON Ukrainy [Scientific Centers of NAS of Ukraine and MES of Ukraine]. Retrieved from http://www1.nas.gov.ua/rsc/all/Pages/default.aspx [in Ukrainian].
  33. NAS of Ukraine. (2020). Pro pіdsumky naukovoi dіialnostі Prydnіprovskoho naukovoho tsentru NAN Ukrainy ta MON Ukrainy u 2015–2019 rokakh [On the results of scientific activity of Prydniprovskyi Scientific Center of NAS of Ukraine and MES of Ukraine in 2015–2019]. Retrieved from http://www.nas.gov.ua/UA/Messages/Pages/View.aspx?MessageID=6419 [in Ukrainian].

Full Text .pdf