2020 2(39)15

Research of the State Policy of Ukraine Regarding the Formation of a Living Wage as the Basis for Ensuring Social Guarantees

Tetiana Gitis
Phd in Economic Sciences
ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4992-8438,
Donbass State Engineering Academy, Kramatorsk
Olena Milyanovska
Donbass State Engineering Academy, Kramatorsk
Georgii Rindin
Donbass State Engineering Academy, Kramatorsk
Liliia Lushchik
Donbass State Engineering Academy, Kramatorsk
Olexander Agulov
Donbass State Engineering Academy, Kramatorsk

Citation Format
Gitis T. P., Milyanovska О. V., Rindin G. G., Lushchik L. S., Agulov O.V. (2020). Research of the State Policy of Ukraine Regarding the Formation of a Living Wage as the Basis for Ensuring Social Guarantees. Visnyk ekonomichnoi nauky Ukrainy, 2 (39), рр. 112-116. doi: https://doi.org/10.37405/1729-7206.2020.2(39).112-116

Language
Ukrainian

Resume
The state social policy of Ukraine is aimed at providing social guarantees for the population. The basis for the formation of social guarantees is the living wage, which is established and regulated at the legislative level. The article examines and identifies the main existing and predicted trends in the dynamics of the legislatively established and actual living wage in Ukraine. According to the results of the study, it was found that the mechanisms of state policy of Ukraine regarding the formation of a living wage as the basis for ensuring social guarantees are insufficiently effective. In this regard, the following measures and recommendations are proposed: modernize and regularly update the minimum set of the consumer basket, ensure its compliance with the real needs of the population, both at the physiological and social levels; improve the methodology for determining the cost of a set of consumer basket; to introduce the European experience, which is that the object of the establishment of the living wage is not individuals, but the average family; include taxes in the living wage for able-bodied persons; ensure an increase in the size of the legislatively established subsistence minimum, laid down in the State Budget of Ukraine, to the actual size of the living wage, which is determined by the Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine.

Keywords
state social policy, state social guarantees, standard of living, incomes, living wage, approximation, consumer basket.

Referensces

  1. Lopushniak H. S. (2011). Derzhavna sotsialna polityka yak peredumova ekonomichnoho rozvytku Ukrainy [State social policy as a prerequisite for economic development of Ukraine]. Lviv, LRIDU NADU [in Ukrainian].
  2. Beztelesna L. I., Pyvovarchuk L. V. (2017). Insty­tutsiine zabezpechennia realizatsii sotsialnykh harantii derzhavy [Institutional support of realization of social guarantees of the state]. Kyiv, Condor Publishing House [in Ukrainian].
  3. Constitution of Ukraine: Law of Ukraine № 254 k / 96-VR of June 28, 1996. zakon1.rada.gov.ua. Retrieved from http://zakon1.rada.gov.ua/cgi-bin/laws/main.cgi [in Ukrainian].
  4. On state social standards and state social guarantees: Law of Ukraine № 2017-III of October 5, 2000. zakon1.rada.gov.ua. Retrieved from http://zakon1.rada.gov.ua/cgi-bin/laws/main.cgi [in Ukrainian].
  5. On the subsistence level: Law of Ukraine № 966-XIV of 15.07.1999. zakon.rada.gov.ua. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/966-14#Text [in Ukrainian].
  6. Ministerstvo Finansiv [Ministry of Finance]. Retrieved from https://minfin.com.ua/ua/ [in Ukrainian].
  7. Derzhavna sluzhba statystyky Ukrainy [State Statistics Service of Ukraine]. (n.d.). ukrstat.gov.ua. Retrieved from http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/ [in Ukrainian].
  8. Gitis T. P., Chemerys Ye. T., Antonova V. I., Nosanyova A. S. (2020). Doslidzhennia suchasnoho rivnia sotsialnoho zakhystu naselennia v Ukraini [Study of the Current Level of Social Protection of the Population in Ukraine]. Ekonomichnyi visnyk Donbasu – Economic Herald of the Donbas1 (59), рр. 116-122. doi: https://doi.org/10.12958/1817-3772-2020-1(59)-116-122 [in Ukrainian].
  9. Poshuk shliakhiv osuchasnennia prozhytkovoho minimumu [Finding ways to modernize the subsistence level]. (n.d.). fpsu.org.ua. Retrieved from https://fpsu.org.ua/napryamki-diyalnosti/sotsialnij-zakhist/9936-poshuk-shlyakhiv-osuchasnennya-prozhitkovogo-minimumu [in Ukrainian].

Full Text .pdf