2019 2(37) 8

Energy Poverty in EU countries and Ukraine

Iryna Kocheshkova
Institute of Industrial Economics of the NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv

Citation Format
Kocheshkova I. М. (2019). Energy poverty in EU countries and Ukraine. Visnyk ekonomichnoi nauky Ukrainy, 2 (37), рр. 48-55. doi: https://doi.org/10.37405/1729-7206.2019.2(37).48-55



The article explains what they understand under the notion of «energy poverty» in EU countries. It is established that the appraisal of the energy poverty problem’s acuity is significantly complicated due to the lack of any standardized approach to the definition, great diversity in character, quantity, and power consumption peculiarities in various countries or just frequently mediated indicators available for estimation. Initial information for the appraisal of the level of the energy poverty can be usually obtained from sociological inquiries data.

Detailed consideration is done with primary indices of the energy poverty in homesteads for the annual calculation of European energy poverty index with EU countries computed as the geometrical mean value of the sub-index of the energy poverty with European homesteads and the transport sub-index of the European energy poverty for homesteads from the first income-based quintile.

Every two years Ukrainian Government Statistics Service conducts the procedure of self-appraisal of own incomes by homesteads in all regions of the country including data of material deprivation, so there are statistical information to compute the index of the similar energy poverty sub-index for European homesteads however in decile groups. An extraordinary high divergence of the index was detected between regions: from 4.8 per cent in Kyiv to 93.9 per cent in Carpathian Region. The dependency was detected between the percentages of homesteads having deficiency in money to maintain sufficiently warm temperature in their houses, and of people suffering from 4 or more of the 9 signs of deprivation that is having the very low quality of life.

The article represents dynamics of the portion of the homesteads with insufficient funds to maintain a pretty warm temperature in their houses the whole heating period long subject to their financial situation. It was the most well-to-do people who declared the highest growth of the value. That was the witness of the fact that one cannot solve the problem of the energy poverty level reduction with homesteads just through the people’s incomes increase.

Unfortunately, power consumption in the country is still irrational. The article substantiates that decentralization and the growth of power effectiveness are exclusively prospective directions for business advance especially for those who are now involved in network or regional business providing macro-economic effect through new jobs opening meaning additional budget takings.

The urgent problem of Ukraine from the viewpoint of the social protection system’s improvement against the energy poverty is separation of purely power poverty fighting measures from the general maintenance system for low-income homesteads.

energy poverty; homesteads; sociological inquiries; signs of deprivation; power effectiveness.


  1. Sukhorukov A.I., Kharazishvili Yu.M. (2013). Shchodo metodolohii kompleksnoho otsiniuvannia skladnykiv ekonomichnoi bezpeky derzhavy [On the methodology of complex assessment of the components of the economic security of the state]. Stratehichni priorytety —Strategic priorities, 3(28), рр. 5-15 [in Ukrainian].
  2. Antonyuk V.P. (2016). Problema bidnosti ta sotsialni ryzyky dlia rozvytku Ukrayiny [The problem of poverty and social risks for the development of Ukraine]. Visnyk ekonomichnoi nauky Ukrainy — Bulletin of Economic Science of Ukraine, 1 (30), рр. 6-14 [in Ukrainian].
  3. Pye S, Dobbins S, Baffert C, Brajković J, Grgurev I, Miglio D R and Deane P 2015 Energy Poverty and Vulnerable Consumers in the Energy Sector Across the EU: Analysis of Policies and Measures London, Insight_E. Retrieved from https://www.ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/ener/files/documents/INSIGHT_E_Energy%20Poverty%20-%20Main%20Report_FINAL.pdf.
  4. Rosie Day, Gordon Walker, Neil Simcock. Conceptualising energy use and energy poverty using a capabilities framework. Retrieved from https://www.ac.els-cdn.com/S0301421516301227/1-s2.0-S0301421516301227-main.pdf?_tid=5567266d-dc71-4c5e-8a46-e657a7ae82cd&acdnat=1548327637_d249c¬9916ab2a50e4345333dbea7e72d.
  5. Definitions and indicators of energy poverty across the EU. Retrieved from https://www.research.manchester.ac.uk/portal/en/publications/definitions-and-indicators-ofenergy-poverty-across-the-eu(aa33a5c9-f50b-4ac2-bea5-eddd3140ee23).html.
  6. Enerhetychna bidnist. Problemy ta pidkhody v ES ta Ukraini [Energy poverty. Problems and approaches in the EU and Ukraine]. Retrieved from https://www.euneighbours.eu/sites/default/files/publications/2019-02/Energy_POVERTY_print-1.pdf [in Ukrainian].
  7. European Energy Poverty Index (EEPI). Retrieved from https://www.openexp.eu/european-energy-povertyindex-eepi.
  8. Institut national de la statistique et des йtudes йconomiques [The national institute of statistics and economic studies]. Retrieved from https://www.insee.fr/fr/accueil [in French].
  9. Eurostat. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/.
  10. Demohrafichna ta sotsialna statystyka / Dokhody ta umovy zhyttia [Demographic and Social Statistics / Income and Living Conditions]. Retrieved from https://ukrstat.org/uk/operativ/menu/menu_u/virdg.htm [in Ukrainian].
  11. Ahentstvo zi spivrobitnytstva enerhetychnykh rehulyatoriv (ACER) [Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER)]. Retrieved from https://www.acer.europa.eu/Official_documents/Acts_of_the_Agency/Publication/ACER%20Market%20Monitoring%20Report%202017%20-%20Electricity%20and%20Gas%20Retail%20Markets%20Volume.pdf [in Ukrainian].
  12. Opalennia budynku, shcho krashche i deshevshe. Porivnyannia vydiv palyva [Home heating is better and cheaper. Comparison of fuels]. Retrieved from http://dimcad.in.ua/опалення-будинку-що-краще-і-дешевше [in Ukrainian].
  13. Metodyka dlia otsinky obsyahiv kintsevoho spozhyvannia enerhii domohospodarstvamy za tsilyamy pryznachennia metodamy matematychnoho modelyuvannia [Methodology for estimating final energy consumption by households for the purpose of mathematical modeling]. Retrieved from http://ukrstat.gov.ua/metod_polog/metod_doc/2018/295/m_ose_dg.pdf [in Ukrainian].
  14. Struktura kintsevoho spozhyvannia enerhii domohospodarstvamy za tsilyamy pryznachennia u 2016 rotsi [Structure of final energy consumption by households by purpose in 2016]. Retrieved from https://ukrstat.org/uk/operativ/operativ2019/energ/st_kn_sposh_energ_dom/st_kn_sposh_energ_dom_16u.htm [in Ukrainian].
  15. Struktura kintsevoho spozhyvannia enerhii domohospodarstvamy za tsilyamy pryznachennia u 2017 rotsi [Structure of final energy consumption by households by purpose in 2017]. Retrieved from https://ukrstat.org/uk/operativ/operativ2019/energ/st_kn_sposh_energ_dom/st_kn_sposh_energ_dom_17u.htm [in Ukrainian].
  16. Zakon Ukrayiny «Pro zhytlovo-komunalni posluhy» [Law of Ukraine «On Housing and Communal Services»]. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2189-19 [in Ukrainian].
  17. Zakon Ukrayiny «Pro enerhoefektyvnist budivel» [Law of Ukraine «On the energy efficiency of buildings»]. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2118-19 [in Ukrainian].
  18. Zakon Ukrayiny «Pro Fond enerhoefektyvnosti» [Law of Ukraine «About the Energy Efficiency Fund»]. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2095-19 [in Ukrainian].
  19. Zarubizhnyi dosvid rozvytku system tsentralizovanoho ta avtonomnoho teplo- ta elektropostachannia [Foreign experience in the development of district and autonomous heat and power supply systems]. Retrieved from https://ua.energy/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/5.-TSentralizovane-ta-avtonomne-teplozabezpechennya.pdf [in Ukrainian].

Full Text (.pdf)